Current Event Summaries by Kylie H.

5 Responses to Current Event Summaries by Kylie H.

  1. Kylie Hess says:

    Title: Dog Owners Often Inaccurately Measure Out Kibble
    Url: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191007123243.htm
    Author: unknown
    Published by: ScienceDaily (from University of Guelph)
    Date: 10/7/19

    Article Summary: Scientists have recently discovered that owners often measure out their dogs food incorrectly. This causes undernourishment, weight gain or obesity in dogs. Owners were found to measure incorrectly, ranging from 48% underestimation to 152% overestimation. Scientists created a study to examine this issue more closely by asking participants to measure out different amounts of dog food using different tools to see which tools were most accurate. They found that dog owners are more likely to measure small amounts (such as ¼ of a cup) incorrectly, particularly when someone uses a larger 2-cup liquid measuring cup. This is especially a problem for smaller dogs who are more in danger of owners overestimating their food portion. Scientists suggest using scales to measure dog food because scales give the most accurate measurements.

    Personal Reaction: I think that this study is very important and interesting to read. Being a dog owner with a small dog it was very disturbing to hear about how much owners can miscalculate their dog’s food portion. From now on I am going to try to measure out my dog’s food as accurately as I can using the tools we have. We use a 2-cup measuring cup which they said in the article is the most likely for dog owner to measure incorrectly. I think now that I have read this article I will invest is a scale to measure my dog’s food.

  2. Kylie Hess says:

    Title: Urban home gardens could help cure food insecurity, health problems
    Url: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191007180035.htm
    Author: unknown
    Published by: ScienceDaily (from Elsevier)
    Date: 10/7/19

    Article Summary: Urban home gardens have been researched by scientists to help improve communities in multiple ways. The Valley Verde is a community-based program that has been working to set up more gardens throughout the city, particularly in low-income areas with immigrant populations. This group teaches participants to grow their own vegetable and fruit gardens and provides the materials needed. This program has been very successful in improving the nutrition of the urban gardeners and their fellow residents by making fresh fruits and veggies more affordable and accessible. Some of the new gardeners have said that they value their meals more when they have grown the food themselves, and the gardens allow them to eat better when money runs low. The program has been said to also reduce stress and increase exercise for the gardeners and helps in disease prevention due to overall better nutrition and healthier lifestyles.

    Personal Reaction: This article was very inspiring in the way that low-income families are finding a way to keep themselves and their families healthier. I think that this program would be very beneficial especially immigrants because it would allow them to make new connections in the community as well as an affordable way to grow food for themselves. I think this is a great concept that should be introduced more cities and places around the world.

  3. Kylie Hess says:

    Title: Was early stick insect evolution triggered by birds and mammals?
    Url: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191007123238.htm
    Author: unknown
    Published by: ScienceDaily (from University of Göttingen)
    Date: 10/7/19

    Article Summary: Scientists have recently discovered that stick insect evolution may have been triggered by birds and mammals. Before this, scientists had inferred that the relationships between stick insects were just based on a handful of genes. Previous studies could not explain the evolution of these insects. Researchers found that stick and leaf insects are related. Sarah Bank, a PhD student at the University of Göttingen, discovered that the stick insects of Madagascar descended from a single species which also lived on the island 45 million years ago. Scientists now believe that the camouflage of stick and leaf insects as an adaptation made to protect against predatory mammals and birds after dinosaurs were extinct.

    Personal Reaction: I found this article to state some interesting points about how the stick and leaf insects must have made an adaptation to survive better against predators after the dinosaurs went extinct 66 million years ago. It makes sense how many different species with similar traits descended from each other. I found this article confusing because I felt as though the title did not very well label what the rest of the story was going to be about. I also felt as thought the article did not explain why the insects must be related and merely stated that fact. However, this article brought up many intriguing points.

  4. Kylie Hess says:

    Title: Genome-edited bull passes on hornless trait to calves
    Url: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191007113323.htm
    Author: unknown
    Published by: ScienceDaily (from University of California-Davis)
    Date: 10/7/19

    Article Summary: Van Eenennaam is a scientist who has developed a way to remove the horns from cow offspring using genome editing. It is common to remove horns from dairy cows’ heads, usually a painful experience for the animal. This is done at dairy farms to make it less likely for the cows to harm other animals or dairy workers and to have fewer aggressive tendencies. Genome editing a pain-free way to achieving the same results. New methods have been developed so that in the University of California researchers were able to birth two calves that inherited the naturally occuring hornless gene.

    Personal Reaction: “Genetic Dehorning” seems like a much more humane method of stopping cows from hurting each other compared to dehorning. However, I do not think that many dairy farms will want to pay or be able to afford for their cattle to be “genetically dehorned.” I think that another solution to this problem is for the population as a whole to consume less dairy because dairy farms often have very poor conditions for the animals on them and are hard on the environment. This would be a great solution if everyone could afford it or if it was funded by the government or some other organization.

  5. Kylie Hess says:

    Title: Another casualty of climate change? Recreational fishing
    Url: sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/10/191007103611.htm
    Author: unknown
    Published by: ScienceDaily (from North Carolina State University)
    Date: 10/7/19

    Article Summary: Researchers are expecting a 2.6% to 15% drop in recreational fishing participation by 2080. This is due to climate change and the rise of temperatures. Many states will see a change in fishing participation based on whether they are a warmer or a cooler state. States which have cooler temperatures are more likely to see an increase in recreational fishing due to more pleasant conditions with the temperature increase. Fishing is expected to decline in warmer climates because of hotter, therefore less pleasant conditions for the participants. Recreational fishermen tend to be less willing to fish in extreme temperatures.

    Personal Reaction: This article makes a good point about how people will be less willing to go ing fishing if the temperature is extremely hot or cold. Though this pales in comparison to the other problems climate change will cause. I think that we have a bigger problem than whether people want to go fishing or not if climate change really increases because we will be dead and we can’t fish then. Some more prudent examples of what would happen if climate change continues is more greenhouse gases being produced creating holes in our atmosphere, glaciers melting and causing the ocean to rise, and people who live near the ocean houses being swallowed up due to the rising ocean.

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