Life Expectancy

Americans of all races are expected to live and living a drastically longer lives. Much has changed over the course of around two hundred years. Many factors such as health education and nutrition has been increased ever since. Also due to the industrial and medical revolutions as well as many others, the world and its inhabitant’s life styles changed forever. In the turn of the 19th century, the life expectancy was relatively short. About 1 in 4 to 5 White American children (or 20-25%) died before reaching adulthood. For African-Americans, it was even more with 1 in 3 children (or 33%) not making it into adulthood. Even on the extreme end of the life expectancy scale, the oldest and longest surviving White male Americans who are lucky enough only lives to be about the mid-sixties. Data taken from a research conducted by the World Health Organization in 1999, shows that the average American born in the United States has the average life expectancy of around 70 years. However, males tend to live a little shorter than women with an average of 67.5 years compared to the females’ 72.6 years. One reason for this increase of life spans is due to new innovative technology, especially medicine. In the turn of the 20th century, many families suffered from smallpox, polio, and countless other diseases. But in 1928, a Scottish scientist named Alexander Fleming made a groundbreaking discovery that will change the world of medicine forever. His discovery was a fungus that he called penicillin. That penicillin would go on to save millions of lives in the future. These days, there are many vaccines that weren’t available to people living in the past. Also, due to medical research, many diseases are now mostly curable. People nowadays are more educated about their personal health and ways to keep themselves healthy such as washing your hands and cleaning used tools. People living in Africa for an example, they know the dangers of malaria, how it’s spread, and also how to prevent it. Scientist can pinpoint viruses when they outbreak and neutralize them before any more damage has been done. Another factor that caused an elongated lifetime is progressive, sanitary living and working conditions. In developed first-world countries, the expected lifetime is in the high 70’s to the 80’s. On the other hand, in developing third-world countries especially in Sub-Sahara Africa, the average life span isn’t very long. In Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Malawi; they have the shortest life expectancy with less than 40 brief years to live. Some of the blame for the short lifetimes is seldom access to fresh, clean water and lack of nutrition. Many children in Africa still starve on a daily basis. Without proper nutrition their young, feeble bodies cannot fight off diseases. This makes malaria devastating to the ones infected and their loved ones, knowing it is not a matter of can they survive; it is for how long. To this day there are probably tons more of factors resulting in longer lifetimes but no matter what, live a happy and healthy life.

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